988 - 1069
- One of the Mahasiddhas, also known as The Oilpresser, or The Great Renunciate.
- Another name sometimes used for him is Prajnabhadra.
- According to tradition, Tilopa received and united several transmissions of teachings from various male and female
teachers from all quarters of the Indian subcontinent.
- From Eastern India, he received oral instructions on the "yoga of heat" (gtum-mo, candali) from the lineage of
Mahasukhasiddhi (and then via Tanglopa, Shinglopa, Karnaripa, Krishnacarya and Tsaryapa to Tilopa.
- From Southern India, he received oral instructions on the on luminosity ('od-gsal, prabhasvara) and the illusory forms
(sgyu-lus, mayadeha) from Matangi, teachings originating with Nagarjuna.
- From Western India, he received oral instructions on dream-yoga (rmi-lam, svapna) via Indrabhuti from Vinapa;
both Mahasiddhas as well.
- From Northern India, he received oral instructions on the transference of consciousness ('pho-ba, samkranti) and the
intermediate state (bar-do, antarabhava) from the lineage of the Mahasiddha Luipa; via Dengipa, Darikapa, and Sukhasiddhi.
In combining these strands, he was instrumental (with the aid of Naropa and Marpa)
in disseminating the the originally Indina (Hindu) Tantra teachings to Tibet.
Taught the Guhyasamaja Tantra (and other teachings) to the
His teachings have given rise - via Naropa, Marpa, Milarepa and
Gampopa, to the Kagyudpa lineage.
He resided in Uddiyana, although that does not say much - considering the probable seize
of that region.