Five Wisdom Dakinis
Tib., Ye-shes mKha-'gro lnga
The designation Wisdom Dakinis refers to five major Dakinis who appear
in the Bardo Thödol during the
first five days in the bardo, one on each
successive day and each in inseparable union with one of the five
Sambhogakaya Buddhas. Just who appears in union
with who varies in different accounts.
Sometimes, with the Tibetan ye-shes translated as 'awareness'
rather than 'wisdom', these goddesses are called Awareness Dakinis.
They are regarded as emanations of Vajravarahi,
who in turn is an aspect of the Vajrayogini.
On a human level, these dakinis are believed to have manifested as the
five women who practiced the teachings together with Padmasambhava, including
the most secret exercises. Erroneously and unfortunately, both these
major goddesses and their human incarnations are often reduced in importance
by simply calling them the Five Consorts.
- the Buddha-Dakini Akashadhatvishvari appears on the 1st day
at the Center, in union with Vairocana.
Her color is white and her element ether; she represents the
Wisdom of Universal Law. (or with either Ratnasambhava or Akshobhya
- the Vajra-Dakini Locana appears on the 2nd day
in the East, in union with Aksobhya.
Her color is blue and her element water; she represents the
Wisdom of the Mirror. (or with Vairocana in the East)
- the Ratna-Dakini Mamaki appears on the 3rd day in the
South, in union with Ratnasambhava.
Her color is yellow and her element earth; she represents
the Wisdom of Equality. (or with Akshobhya in the Center)
- the Padma-Dakini Pandaravasini [Pandara] appears on the 4th day in the
West, in union with Amitabha.
Her color is red and her element fire; she represents
the Wisdom of Distinction & Discernment.
- the Karma-Dakini Samayatara [Samaya Tara] appears on the 5th day in the
North, in union with Amoghasiddhi.
Her color is green and her element air; she represents the
Wisdom of Action & Accomplishment.